Right to Information

Bringing Information to the citizens

Right to Information Act 2005 mandate timely response to citizen requests for government information. This attempts to provide a– RTI Gateway to the citizens for Quick search of information, web published by various departments in Government.

What is RTI ?
What is Right to Information?

Right to Information is a fundamental right under Article 19(1) of the Constitution. Article 19 (1) says that every citizen has freedom of speech and expression. As early as in 1976, the Supreme Court said in the case of Raj Narain vs State of UP, that people cannot speak or express themselves unless they know. Therefore, right to information is embedded in article 19 and is a fundamental right. In the same case, Supreme Court further said that India is a democracy. People are the masters. Therefore, the masters have a right to know how the governments, meant to serve them, are functioning. Further, every citizen pays taxes. The citizens therefore, have a right to know how their money was being spent. These three principles were laid down by the Supreme Court while saying that RTI is a fundamental right of the people of India.

If RTI is a fundamental right, then why do we need an Act?

This is because if you went to any Government Department and told the officer there, “RTI is my fundamental right, and that I am the master of this country. Therefore, please show me all your files”, he would not do that. In all probability, he would throw you out of his room. Therefore, we need a machinery or a process through which we can exercise this fundamental right. Right to Information Act 2005, which became effective on 13th October 2005, provides that machinery. It lays down the process on how to apply for information, where to apply, how much fees etc.

Important provisions of RTI Act 2005

Right to Information Act 2005 empowers every citizen to
  • Ask any questions from the Government or seek any information
  • Take copies of any government documents
  • Inspect any government documents.
  • Inspect any Government works
  • Take samples of materials of any Government work.

One or more officers in every Government Department have been designated as Public Information Officers (PIO). These are the nodal officers, who are supposed to accept any application under RTI, collect information from that Department and provide it to the applicant. If the desired information is not provided within 30 days of application or if the information provided is incomplete, the concerned officer becomes liable for a penalty of Rs 250 per day of default upto a maximum of Rs 25,000 per application. And if wrong information is provided, a penalty upto a maximum of Rs 25,000 can be imposed on the officer.


Disclaimer: NIC is not responsible for the contents of this information. The information made available on this portal is as provided by the Government Organisation concerned. 
Designed and maintained by National Informatics Centre, Mizoram.